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South America in general

South America, the fourth largest continent in the world, stretches from the Andes, over large parts of the Amazon region, the Cape Horn, the Falkland Islands to Tierra del Fuego. East of the continent from the Atlantic Ocean and is enclosed by the west Pacific Ocean. The South American continent was originally part of the supercontinent Gondwanda, which proves the perfect fit to Africa. The Andes, on the west coast of South America, are the longest continental mountain chain around the world, stretching from Venezuela to the southern tip of Patagonia. The highest mountain in South America, the Aconcagua, located in the province of Aconcagua Park ", in the province of Mendoza. In the Peruvian Andes and the Amazon river rises. He is the mightiest power in South America and the voluminous river on earth. It flows through the entire continent in order to ultimately culminate in the North Atlantic Ocean. In the center of Venezuela's Orinoco is the level which is south of Guiana highlands north and bounded by the coastal mountains of Venezuela. Due to the enormous size of South America prevail here different climate zones, the Andes act as climate divide. In the north and well into the center of the South American continent, predominantly tropical climate prevails intermittently, the further south you penetrate, it becomes increasingly colder. Here one encounters areas with warm and rainy summers and moderately warm, but low rainfall winters. From Paraguay begins a more moderate climate zone, which is characterized by steppe landscape, dry steppes and vast forest areas. On the extreme south (Tierra del Fuego) of South America you will meet subarctic climate. The climate of the west coast of South America is, by the predominance of the cold Humboldt current, moderate, and one finds large coastal deserts. In the western interior switch from north to south tropical rainforest climate, from desert climate, subtropical and temperate climate. In the Andean highlands, to 4,500 meters (snow line), there is permafrost in with snow and ice fields, the center will even desert-like climate. East of the Andes and humid equatorial climate prevails. The climate of South America is so diverse, so varied is its vegetation. There are, in the humid climate of the north's largest tropical rain forests of the earth and in the temperate zones of savanna, bush and vast forests. The South, however, is relatively sparse and ground vegetation.

Population and languages in South America

The population is a mixture of the former local indigenous peoples and ethnic groups, mostly Europeans and African slaves who settled there because of historical development. Almost exclusively in the Andean highlands and the Amazon region still live remnants of the original population. Indigenous peoples represent only a small number of countries a significant proportion of the population. The majority of the South African population belong to the Roman Catholic faith. However, the number of Catholics increases steadily developed in recent years, and free churches and sects are becoming increasingly popular. As part of the division of South America in 1494 between Spain and Portugal, Portugal was the eastern part, today's Panama, Brazil and Spain and the rest of the continent awarded. This limited Spanish and Portuguese are the most widely spoken languages in the South American continent. In addition, in some areas of French, English, Italian, Dutch, German and even spoke Welsh. Less common and usually only used as a second language, prevail in some areas still Indigenous languages.

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