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The culture of Mexico

Campaigned against the country not long ago on TV with the slogan "One Country, a Thousand Worlds" - and this quite right. The cultural and ethnic diversity, geographic and ecological diversity, Mexico has the muster to visitors looking on the globe really unparalleled.

Whether in the language and the many dialects of the aborigines, called idigenous people, whether in the magnificent buildings or even themselves in and eventful and tasty Mexican cuisine-clear is the historical past of the largest Central American country still almost felt everywhere. So many of the ancient monuments of the Mayas Aztheken and are currently still in a fairly good condition. The best known are probably the historic ruins of Palenque in the highlands of Chiapas. Here, the tourist culture enthusiasts the traces of the civilization of the Mayas and also go after centuries will certainly find more. Unlike many other countries, indigenous people were the ancient languages, and therefore the cultural identities of Indians from the pre-Columbian times until today. Proof is the fact that dominate example of the 1 million idigenous people from Chiapas only 25% of the Spanish language, while the remaining 750,000 still communicate in the ancient Maya language Tzotzil. The other known descendants, indigenous peoples still use their ancient dialects sometimes. Aztheken, Toltec, Mixtec and Co. still speak as to the times when the Spanish Conquistadores to Hernando Cortes conquered the country had not yet.

Mexico - its geography and its flora and fauna

With its enormous north-south extension has Mexico several different Klimozonen, where an equally different physiography is based. The mountainous deserts .- and savannah in the north close to the south tropical, swamp rich lowland forests, which can then in the highlands of Chiapas in turn followed at 2,000 meters above sea level jungle. Very interesting is the Baja California, more than 1000 km long, narrow peninsula in the northwest, which runs parallel to the Mexican hull country. Through a geokontinentale shift some 100,000 years could develop there a part completely endemic fauna and flora that is found only there. In addition to salvage the bays of Baja California the largest concentration of Walkalb nurseries all over the world and make every Whale-watching in this unspoiled habitat for an unforgettable experience. At over 12,000 km of coastline, Mexico, the skirt, includes some of the most beautiful diving areas of the planet. But land is a tremendously rich fauna and flora. Known as the land of cactus, they provide up to 15 meters high succulents a magnificent backdrop for a stunning desert fauna. Specifically reptiles such as the rattlesnake or the highly toxic "Gilamonster," a stocky lizard, have become well adapted to the dry, dry climate. But tarantulas, many rodents and large mammals such as puma, coyote, wolf or lynx are here at home and in which all existing reservoir Paarhiúfern plenty of food.

All these species live in the tropics but also landscapes of Mexico. Here they are present in even greater numbers and species. In addition, frolic in the rivers of the jungle still many crocodiles and alligators and are the clear ruling of the Central American inland waters. On land, the jaguar is at the top of the food chain. The distribution of these shy cat runs from Nordmexico to eastern Argentina. Because of its beautiful fur, but he still wakes desires for trappers and mittelerweile is unfortunately almost extinction. In the rainforests of southern Mexico, the stocks due to effective conservation projects and the increasing number of established national parks but have consolidated somewhat.



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